Endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) is the removal and cleaning of the tooth’s inflammatory pulp. The dental pulp is the part in the center of a tooth made up of living connective tissue and cells. Dental Pulp Cavity is the space in a tooth containing the dental pulp. The portion of the cavity within the crown of the tooth is the pulp chamber; the portion within the root is the pulp canal or root canal.
Endodontic treatment is necessarily performed when the pulp is infected due to caries or fracture / injury that allow the entry of microbes.
During the endodontic treatment the dentist creates access to the pulp chamber of the tooth, removes the debris and disinfects the root canals
Then the root canals are cleaned and sealed with a special material (obturation) so the tooth is ready to be permanently filled.
Endodontic treatment is one of the most common dental works and allows patients to save their natural teeth.
If not done early, the infection affects the bone causing swelling, often pain during chewing and tooth mobility, thus making the endodontic treatment more complex.